what is diabetes? type 1 and 2
what is diabetes? type 1 and 2: Diabetes is a disease that once captures one’s body, does not leave it again for life. The most exceedingly terrible side of this malady is that it additionally welcomes numerous different infections in the body.
In this run-of-the-mill era, due to an irregular lifestyle, the disease that is taking the most people is diabetes. Diabetes is also called slow death. This is a disease that once captures one’s body, does not leave it again for life. The most exceedingly terrible side of this infection is that it additionally welcomes numerous different maladies in the body. Diabetes is common in patients with eye problems, kidney and liver disease, and foot problems. Earlier this disease used to happen only after the age of forty but nowadays it is a big cause for concern even among children.
How does diabetes happen:
When insulin reaches the pancreas of our body, the level of glucose in the blood increases. This condition is called diabetes. Insulin is a hormone made by the digestive gland. Its capacity is to change over nourishment inside the body into vitality. This is the hormone that controls the amount of sugar in our body. On account of diabetes, the body experiences issues in making vitality from nourishment. In this circumstance, the expanded degree of glucose starts harming different organs of the body.
This disease is more in men than women. Diabetes is mostly due to hereditary and lifestyle deterioration. In this, hereditary type-1 and diabetes due to irregular lifestyle are placed in the type-2 category. Those people fall under the first category, if any of the parents, grandparents in the family have diabetes, then the family members are more likely to get the disease. Also, if you reduce physical exertion, do not sleep properly, have irregular eating and consume mostly fast food and sweet foods then the chances of getting diabetes increases.
Heart attack or stroke is the highest death among diabetes patients. In people who suffer from diabetes, the risk of heart attack increases by fifty times more than the normal person. Increasing the amount of glucose in the body causes hormonal changes and efforts are damaged which affects both blood vessels and veins. This may cause an artery blockage or a heart attack. The risk of stroke also increases for the diabetic patient. It can damage the retina of the eye if diabetes is not treated for a long time. This can also blind a person forever.
Symptoms of diabetes:
- Reduced eye light.
- Any injury or wound healing.
- Itchy wounds on the hands, feet, and genitals.
- But boils-eruptions.
What is the difference between type-1 and type-2 diabetes, learn symptoms and prevention:
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
There are two sorts of diabetes – type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes diminishes insulin generation or quits creating insulin, and can be controlled as it were. While the glucose level of individuals influenced by type 2 diabetes increments without a doubt, which is extremely hard to control. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are not the same, there is a lot of difference between the two. Understand the differences between these two in further slideshows.
Type 1 diabetes:
In this type of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed and thus insulin is not possible to form. It is caused by genetic, auto-immune and some viral infections, due to which beta cells are completely destroyed in childhood. This disease is usually seen in the age of less than 12 to 25 years. Type 1 diabetes has a greater effect in Sweden and Finland. According to the Ministry of Health, type 1 diabetes occurs in only 1% to 2% of cases in India.
Type 2 diabetes:
Individuals with type 2 diabetes have an exceptionally high glucose level which is hard to control. In this condition, the unfortunate casualty feels progressively parched, visit pee and successive yearning issues. It can transpire, yet it is seen more in kids. In type 2 diabetes, the body can’t utilize insulin appropriately.
Who is type 1:
Type 1 diabetes can happen to anyone at any time in childhood, even in old age infancy. But type 1 diabetes is usually seen only in the age of 6 to 18 years. That is, it is a disease that occurs in children. Although the number of people suffering from this type of diabetes is very small, only 1% to 2% of people in India have type 1 diabetes .
Who is type 2:
At present, children are also getting type 2 diabetes due to lack of exercise and a high intake of fast food. This is visible in people below 15 years, especially in 12 or 13-year-olds. It is occurring more among women than men. The disease is more common to those who are overweight, generally, BMI is higher in people over 32. It can also happen due to genetic reasons.
Side effects of type 1:
In type 1 diabetes, expanding the measure of sugar makes the patient pee as often as possible, because of overabundance liquid leaving the body, the patient feels parched. Because of this, there is likewise an absence of water in the body, the patient beginnings feeling powerless, in addition, the heartbeat additionally increments extraordinarily.
Side effects of type 2:
Because of this, because of increment in the degree of glucose in the body, there are issues like exhaustion, low vision, and migraine. As the liquid leaves the body in abundance, it makes the patient feel increasingly parched. He doesn’t recuperate immediately when damage or wound happens. The constant overabundance of diabetes influences the visual perception, because of which there is an illness called diabetic retinopathy because of which there is a decline in vision.
Insulin is given for the anticipation of diabetes. Insulin is a kind of hormone which is helpful for our body. It is through insulin that platelets get sugar, that is, insulin attempts to convey sugar to different pieces of the body. The sugar provided by insulin gives vitality to the cells.
Nuts advantageous in diabetes:
Nuts contain numerous nutritious fixings, for example, fundamental nutrients, minerals, calcium, and unsaturated fats. It is accepted that each individual must eat a bunch of nuts day by day. In any case, not a wide range of nuts are helpful for patients with diabetes. There are a few nuts, which increment the measure of glucose in the body and lessen a few. Diabetes patients ought to devour just those nuts, which diminish glucose and are helpful in diabetes. Give us a chance to disclose to you which are those nuts.
Eat almond absorbed water medium-term:
Almonds are plentiful in protein, fat, nutrients and minerals, so it is viewed as useful for wellbeing. As indicated by scientists at the US University of Medicine, eating almonds diminishes cholesterol levels and enacts insulin. With this, the degree of glucose is controlled. Devouring 6 almonds day by day (absorbed water medium-term) helps in controlling diabetes.
Pista controls glucose levels in diabetes patients. As a rule, elevated levels of starches are the primary explanation behind expanding sugars in the body. In any case, the admission of pistachios doesn’t expand the measure of starches in the body, bringing about a controlled measure of sugar. A bunch of pistachios meets the 60 percent prerequisite of phosphorus required for our body every day, which shields us from type 2 diabetes. The phosphorus present in pistachios separates proteins into amino acids, which expands glucose resistance in the body.
Mono and polyunsaturated fats present in pecans are useful for the body’s insulin affectability. As indicated by specialists, insulin levels stay typical in individuals who eat pecans day by day. Normal utilization of pecans additionally eases oxidative pressure, which offers ascend to numerous different issues identified with diabetes.
Cashew is useful in diabetes:
Cashew controls diabetes as well as fixes it. Cashew contains Anacardic corrosive which aides in shipping body glucose to cells. Glucose doesn’t go into the blood and glucose doesn’t increment. Cashew is a decent wellspring of zinc. A large portion of a bunch of cashews contains 374 calories, 31 grams of fat, 10 grams of protein, nutrient E, nutrient K, and nutrient B6. It contains high measures of calcium, iron, folate, and zinc.
Peanuts are a magnificent wellspring of protein and fiber. Shelled nut admission is extremely advantageous for type 2 diabetes patients. Eating peanuts day by day decreases weight as well as ensures against heart infections. Eating peanuts monitors glucose levels. In the event that somebody is having diabetes, at that point shelled nut utilization is additionally ready to stop it.